Disorders and Conditions

Disorders and Conditions of the Eye

Dry Eye

Chronic dry eye affects nearly 30 million Americans. When the eye stops producing the normal amount of moisture it needs to stay comfortable, it can result in dryness, stinging, burning, scratchiness and/or excess tearing during incidents of eye irritation. There may also be stringy mucus in or around the eye.

Dry eye can affect anyone at any age, but it becomes more common as people get older and their tear production lessens and/or glands become blocked. Dry eye can also be caused by certain health conditions and medications. A simple appointment with your ophthalmologist can determine if you suffer from dry eye, and assess its severity. Mild cases can usually be treated with over-the-counter and/or prescription eye drops to help your eyes remain clear, moist and comfortable.

Every Lake Eye location features Board-certified ophthalmologists providing an array of Dry Eye Solutions, including accurate diagnosis and evaluation of dry eye conditions, along with treatments specifically designed for cases from mild to severe, intermittent and chronic. Mild cases may be treated using nutritional supplements, prescription eye drops and/or special cleansers. More severe cases of dry eye are usually caused by a chronic disorder called Meibomian Gland Dysfunction, or MGD. Lake Eye utilizes the most advanced MGD diagnostic and treatment system ever created, for lasting, drug- and surgery-free therapy that can last up to 24 months.

Meibomian Gland Dysfunction, or MGD, is a chronic condition associated with over 85% of dry eye cases and causes ongoing redness, burning, scratchiness and overall discomfort. It is caused by a malfunction of the meibomian glands in the eyelids that coat the surface of the eyeball with oil to provide lubrication and maintain the protective water layer created by the tear ducts.

More than just uncomfortable, MGD can invite infection and other diseases of the eye. Your ophthalmologist can perform a gland evaluation and imaging test to determine if you have MGD.

If you’re diagnosed as having MGD, Lake Eye offers effective treatment with LipiFlow®, a patented FDA-cleared external device that applies a gentle combination of heat and massage to the inner eyelids to remove blockages from the meibomian glands so they can function effectively again. After one LipiFlow® session, some healing time and proper follow-up care, most patients find their need for eye drops is significantly reduced or eliminated entirely for up to 24 months. It presents more than a treatment of symptoms – it is a therapeutic approach to alleviating the disease itself.

Blepharitis is a chronic disorder that is especially common among people with dry eye conditions, oily skin, dandruff and/or blocked oil glands of the eyelids, called the Meibomian Glands. People with blepharitis experience recurring inflammation, redness and dryness of eyelids and often find discharge or dandruff-like flakes on their lashes, particularly upon waking up. Blepharitis is often accompanied by other problems, including styes, which are red, tender bumps caused by bacteria, much like pimples, that form along the upper or lower eyelid rim/lashline, and chalazia, which typically form on the underside of the eyelid or midway up the upper eyelid, and are usually painless, but can grow large enough to impact vision. Both a stye and a chalazion can take days or weeks to go away. People who suffer from blepharitis, styes or chalazia often find the problems keep recurring, in spite of home care, which includes keeping the face and eyelids clean and applying warm compresses to the eyelids.

For people diagnosed with blepharitis, Lake Eye offers BlephEx™, the first and only clinical treatment for blepharitis. The patented devise gently but thoroughly massages away bacteria, debris and dead skin cells from the lids and lashes using a medical-grade micro-sponge, often providing immediate relief from many symptoms and improvement of the condition over time, including a lessening of inflammation, discharge and irritation. The enhanced hygienic properties of BlephEx™ may also help improve eyelid irritant-related vision problems and reduce the occurrence of styes and chalazia for some patients. 

If you suffer from chronically red, inflamed or infected eyelids, ask your Lake Eye doctor if you’re a candidate for BlephEx™.


LipiFlow® uses Vectored Thermal Pulse (VTPTM) treatment, a heat and gentle massaging action that evacuate the blockages from the glands, allowing the glands to resume oil production.

Formulated to give your eyes instant relief and long-lasting comfort - now available at Lake Eye.

The latest in prescribed eye drops are available upon proper diagnosis.



Red eye, in which the white part of the eye is red and sometimes irritated, is a sign of ocular inflammation. Red eye has many causes, most of which are benign. The sudden appearance of a red spot is usually a rupture of one of the tiny blood vessels within the eye, and can be caused by sneezing, coughing, rubbing or impact. Red eye that is accompanied by itching is often caused by allergies. When excess fluid and/or crusting of the eye is present, it is often a viral or bacterial infection known as "pink eye."

Cases of red eye that do not clear up within a day or two or are accompanied by pain should be checked by your ophthalmologist immediately.



Refractive errors are disorders caused by an irregular shape of the eye, causing the cornea to bend light incorrectly and resulting in blurred vision. The most common refractive disorders are nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism. Because they are disorders and not diseases, most people can manage refractive errors with glasses or contact lenses without concern.

However, since blurred vision is sometimes caused by other more serious problems, it is important to visit your ophthalmologist regularly to rule out disease and make sure your prescriptions are adequate to keep your vision crystal clear and sharp.



A "floater" is the formation of a clump or strand of vitreous gel inside the eye, and is more common in people who are nearsighted, have had cataracts or YAG laser eye surgery, or who suffer from inflammation inside the eye. While most floaters are not serious, they can sometimes be a sign of bleeding within the eye. Sometimes they are not floaters at all, but the result of a torn retina. If a new floater suddenly appears or you see sudden flashes of light, it is important to see your ophthalmologist to rule out possible serious causes and prevent permanent vision damage.

"Flashing" is caused when the vitreous gel inside the eye rubs against or tugs on the retina, causing a flashing light or streaking effect. Symptoms can come and go for weeks or months and often subside on their own, but if you have the sudden onset of flashes, see your ophthalmologist immediately to rule out retinal damage.



The retina is the nerve layer at the back of the eye that senses light. When the retina is detached from its normal position, the result is blurred vision and, left untreated, it almost always leads to blindness. People who are nearsighted, have had cataract surgery, have glaucoma or have had severe injury to the eye are more prone to the disorder, but it can happen to anyone at any age. Tears usually precede detachment, so it is important to seek treatment as soon as symptoms occur.

Early symptoms include flashing lights, "floaters," shadows in your peripheral vision or a gray curtain moving across your field of vision. Retinal tears and detachment are most often repaired through surgery. As with many disorders of the eye, early detection and treatment are key in preventing permanent vision loss.



Commonly known as "lazy eye," amblyopia is a childhood disorder that occurs when the nerve pathway of one eye develops improperly, sending faulty information to the brain. This causes the eyes to work out of sync with one another, creating a loss of depth perception, distortion and blurred vision. Amblyopia is often marked by one eye turning inward or outward, creating an asymmetrical appearance.

Amblyopia is usually easily diagnosed and treated by placing a patch over the normal eye, which forces the "lazy" eye's nerve pathway to correct its messages to the brain. Sometimes eye drops are also used. Most children who are treated before age 5 enjoy full recovery, so schedule an appointment with your ophthalmologist early in your child's development, especially if your child's eyes don't appear to be symmetrical.